What is Montessori and How does it compare to Traditional Education?
The goal of both Montessori and traditional schooling is the same: To provide learning experiences for the child. The biggest differences lie in the kind of learning experiences each school provides and the methods they use to accomplish this goal. Montessori educators believe both differences are important because they help shape what a child learns, his work habits, and his future attitudes toward himself and the world around him.
|Emphasis on Cognitive and Social Development||Emphasis on Rate Learning and Social Behavior|
|Teacher has guiding role||Teacher controls classroom|
|Environment and method encourage self-discipline||Enforcer of discipline|
|Mainly individual instruction||Mainly group instruction|
|Mixed age groups||Same age groups|
|Grouping encourage children to teach and collaborate||Teaching is done by teacher; collaboration is discouraged.|
|Child chooses own work||Curriculum structured for child|
|Child discovers own concepts from self-teaching materials||Child is guided to concepts by teacher|
|Child is allocated time to work on and complete lesson||Child is generally allotted specific time for work|
|Child sets own learning pace||Instruction pace set by group|
|Child spots own errors from feedback of material||Errors child’s work highlighted by teacher|
|Child reinforces own learning by repetition of work and internal feelings of success||Learning is reinforced externally by repetition, rewards and punishment|
|Child can work where he chooses move about and talk at will (yet not disturb work of others), group work voluntary||Child usually assigned seat, required to participate during lessons|
|Multi-sensory materials for physical exploration organizes program for learning care of self and environment||No organized program for self-care instruction left primarily up to parents|